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Effects of altitudes on fruit quality of Skagss Bonanza

LUO Xian yang 1,YU Xue chen 2,LIU Guo bin 2,ZHANG Zheng qiu 1(1 Guizhou Orange Research Institute, Luodian 550100,China;2.Shanglong Tea & Fruit Plantation Farm, Luodian County, Luodian 550100,China)  
The ecological habits and fruit qualities of Skagss Bonanza were studied in the altitudes between 500~900 m. Through contrast analysis and linear regression test ,the results indicate that when altitude is going up the tree crown tends to be dwarf. Six altitude belts are divided from slope foot to top and the standard deviation of tree height is 23.76%. The fruit from exponent of each bect is 1.02,1.03, 1.03, 0.98,0.97,0.99 and the colour of fruit skin changes from orange to orange red. As the altitude is going up the fructose contents drop. The total soluble solid is not evidently associated with altitude and the difference is not significant (P0 05). The fruit acid and vitamin C are positively related with altitude, but negatively related with annual average temperature and the difference is very significant (P0 01).The fruits can be stored at room temperature for 90~120 d and the taste keeps fine. If the storage period extends the fruit quality becomes bad, the fruit quality at high altitude drops more quickly than that at low altitude.
【Fund】: 贵州省年度计划资助项目!(黔科合计字(1995 ) 2 0 63 )的部分内容
【CateGory Index】: S666.401
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