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《Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology》 2005-01
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The flower traits and pollen fertility of Citrus interspecific somatic hybrid

LIU Yan-ling~(1,2), XIA Ren-xue~(1**), LI Guo-huai~1, MA Meng-ting~1, YI Hua-lin~1(1.College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University, Hubei Wuhan 430070, China ; 2.Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hubei Wuhan 430074, China)  
The allotetraploid and interspecific somatic hybrid of Citrus sinensis cv. Hamlin Sweet Orange + Citrus jambhiri cv. Rough Lemon was the first case of bloom in China. In order to assess its values in citrus breeding and production, the flower traits, pollen morphology and size of sometic hybrid were observed and the pollen fertility was aslo detected in this paper. The results showed that there were three types of flower, including normal, abortive pistil and abnormal flowers. Among them, 95% flowers were abortive pistil, and their anthers were full and contained 19229 pollen grains per anther, whose germinability was 15.31%. The interploid cross between the somatic hybrid and Wanbai pummelo was conducted and the fruit setting percentage detected after the second physiological drop was 49.50%, which was much higher than that of Wanbai pummelo’s self-pollination and natural fruit bearing. Therefore the pollen of citrus somatic hybrid could be used as cross parent in future crossing.
【Fund】: 国务院三峡建设委员会移民科技资助项目(S200216);; 国家“863”计划资助项目(39830260)
【CateGory Index】: S666.01
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