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《Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering》 2012-04
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Regulation measures of groundwater level and their effects in arid inland river irrigation regions

ZHONG Ruisen1,HAO Lina2,BAO Anming1,Nurjay·Erezhep3(1.State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011; 2.College of Pratacultural and Environmental Science,Xinjiang Agricultural University,Urumqi 830052; 3.Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture Environmental Monitoring Station,Changji 831100)  
Soil secondary salinization and land desertification in arid inland river irrigation regions are closely related to the local groundwater table depth.Regulating the table depth within a suitable range can prevent soil secondary salinization more effectively and improve the soil environments that maintain growth of natural vegetables and crops.And then,it will benefit to development and growth of natural vegetables and crops,and improve luxuriant foliage of natural vegetables and production of crops.This paper summarizes and discusses the regulation measures of groundwater level in arid inland river irrigation regions,according to the characteristic of water resources development and utilization and agricultural production and management.In a case study of the Xinjiang Awati irrigation area,four scenario programs were set up and practiced according to the production,which were(1) maintaining current situation,(2) expanding irrigation area water-saving reform,(3) transforming washing out salt and decreasing alkali mode and(4) optimal adopting well irrigation and well drainage.Based on the data of current situation,a regional water-salt balance model was used in simulation and forecast of five balances,i.e.water balance,water consumption balance,groundwater balance,water supply demand balance,and salt balance.It calculated results of four sub-irrigation areas of different programs,and analyzed the effects of different regulation measures on groundwater.If drip irrigation is adopted before seeding or after dry seeding,rather than winter irrigation and spring irrigation,the groundwater level would decline to below critical depth in the period of soil freezing and thawing,effectively restraining the salt returning or accumulating in surface soil from groundwater.Well irrigation and well drainage are the most effective measures to regulation of groundwater,which could exploit and utilize groundwater resources,and also control groundwater level and improve or even prevent saline land.The groundwater regulation measures must be reasonably adopted according the local conditions,and comprehensively consider the degree of soil salinization,the current groundwater table depth and the condition of irrigation and drainage,etc.
【Fund】: 中科院知识创新重要方向项目(KZXC2-YW-BR-12);; 新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项(201130103-3)
【CateGory Index】: P641.8
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