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《Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering》 2013-01
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Study and application of complexity model for hydrological system

KANG Yan CAI Huanjie SONG Songbai(College of Water resources and Architecture Engineering,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100)  
This paper presents a method for calculation of the complexity of hydrological system.The authors derived three complexity models by integrating the algorithms of permutation entropy,approximate entropy and sample entropy with the Lopez-Ruiz complexity theory.These models were applied to calculation of the observed data series of monthly mean runoff at three gauge stations of Linjiacun,Zhangjiashan and Zhangtou on Wei River.The results show that changes in the runoff complexity of all the stations appeared in around 1970 and around 1990.It is also shown that in the two periods of early 1970s and early 1990s,the human activities in this watershed were rapidly enhancing,resulting in greater runoff complexity.A t-test and the K-S theory have been used for model validation.These models provide new methods for analysis of hydrological system complexity.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(50879070 50579065);; 西北农林科技大学创新团队支持计划
【CateGory Index】: P334.92
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