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Commentary on the Deeds by Jing Shi in the Ming Dynasty

LIN Zhi-jie,HUANG Zhi (1.Academy of Guangxi Social Science, Nanning, Guangxi 530022,China; 2.Qinzhou Electromechanical Engineering School, Qinzhou, Guangxi 535000,China)  
The quality of the deeds done by jingshi--the first three candidates who successfully passed the highest imperial examinations and were then recruited as state's officials--when they were in their political career can be defined as half merit and half demerit. This can be seen from two aspects. On one hand, many jingshi made no compromise with the violence and the power and had enough courage to fight against the injustice. When they were in their official post, they maintained a relative rectitude and adhered to their tenets. Inside the border, they intensified the tie for the nations and outside successfully fulfilled their missions. They were concerned about people's suffering and made efforts to reduce common people's tax, which secured the development of agriculture. On the other hand, some Jingshi made use of their privilege for the benefit of their own. Inside, they gathered parties and split into sects. Outside, they bullied the common people and became a plague of the place.Therefore, the lessons and experiences of the history can be of great significance for today.
【CateGory Index】: K248
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