The Reformation of Salt System and Salt Merchant in the Ming Dynasty
KIM Jong-park (Department of History ,Sangmyung University ,Seoul,Korea )
The salt system of the Ming Dynasty is the succession to that of the Song and the Yuan Dynasty. Zaohu system has been established under national monopolization system. The salt system of the Ming Dynasty underwent a series of deep change with the damage of paper money system in the early Ming Dynasty and the transformation of social economics. Furthermore , the system of Nayinkaizhong emerged after the middle period of the Ming Dynasty. All of these reformations are not merely the change of salt system itself, they also changed the status and fate of merchants, which are closely related to the reform of salt system.