On the Process of Determination of Japan's Foreign Policy in Wartime
LU Wei (School of Arts and Law,Tongji University,Shanghai,200331,China)
The process of determination of Japan's foreign policy is mainly divided into two kinds of decision operation modes in wartime: strategy adoption mode based on provisional and adjustable jointly-conference and strategy adoption mode based on internally-oriented direction. In the course of operation of the former, both the army, Navy and Gaimusho (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) have no authority to make final decision on foreign policy. Their influence on the diplomatic policy is generally confined to in complementing and assisting, but their policies and views coexist tolerably after the negotiation of repeating contradicts compromises on king's council, base camp-government association council and four-or five-premier council. In the course of the latter's operation, Mikado carries out his own policy ideas by giving direct undeclared prescriptions or with the assisting of viziers and ministers, ensuring his supreme policymaker's authority and thus has accomplished the purpose of maximizing "reign of Mikado " in the name of "coming to personally ".