Non-Traditional Security Studies (NTSS):A Theoretical Framework
Barry Buzan The Montague Burton Professor of International Relations at the LSE and honorary professor at the Universities of Copenhagen and Jilin.
This paper sets out a general framework for thinking about how to differentiate NTSS from Traditional Security Studies (TSS,aka "Strategic Studies"). It reviews five basic questions that all types of ISS have to address,and the answers to which provide the theoretical basis to differentiate NTSS from TSS. The literature of ISS that developed after 1945 was distinctive in three ways. First,it took security rather than defence or war as its key concept,Second,this literature was distinct because it addressed the novel problem of nuclear weapons,and the consequent shift from war fighting to war avoidance. Third,ISS was much more a civilian enterprise than most earlier military and strategic literatures,this civilian element is crucial to understanding how and why ISS widened and deepened. It then discusses what explains the birth and the evolution of ISS,both its continuities and its transformations. Five driving forces are particularly central to understanding how,why and when ISS evolved as it did: great power politics,technology,key events,the internal dynamics of academic debates,and institutionalisation. Whether the traditionalists like it or not,the process and meaning of securitisation are now as much a part of ISS as discussion about threats and how to handle them.
【CateGory Index】： D815