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《World Economics and Politics》 2014-01
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Assessing Current U.S.Hegemonic Position and Strategic Measures of Newly Emerging Great Powers

Li Xiao;Li Junjiu;the School of Economics,Jilin University;  
The nature and structure of the U.S.hegemony,the U.S.design of its international power,and the U.S.hegemonic strategy are three important indicators in assessing current U.S.hegemonic position.The authors argue that U.S.is an ' exceptional' new styled hegemon whose hegemony is supported by three-dimensional power structures;security structure(sharp power);production,trade and financial structures(sticky power);and knowledge,ideas and institutional structures(soft power).The U.S.international power was carefully designed when Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt assumed their presidency.To defend its global hegemony especially dollar hegemony,U.S.executed 'shared power in system' and 'shared responsibility' strategies towards other economies.The current theories about the rise and fall of great powers cannot explain U.S.hegemony effectively.The U.S.has not entered into the period of hegemonic decline,while the newly emerging great powers have not arrived at the level of displacing U.S.hegemony.Meanwhile,the current rise of newly emerging great powers is in nature happening in the ' intra-system' dominated by the U.S.hegemony.The newly emerging great powers should have precise judgment and strategies.For these great powers especially China,correct strategic measures should be adopted to promote intra-system reform rather than challenging the current system from outside,making incremental improvement rather than revolutionary subversion of the current system.China's foreign strategy should highlight three aspects:clearly define its position in the world,foster power resources,and strengthen power strategies.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金重大招标项目“中国积极参与国际货币体系改革进程研究”(项目批准号:10ZD&054);; 教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目“货币地理学视角下的人民币亚洲化研究”(项目批准号:12YJCGJW005);; 吉林大学哲学社会科学创新团队建设项目“国际金融理论创新与国际货币体系改革研究”(项目批准号:2012FRTD02);; 吉林大学哲学社会科学校级重点研究基地“中日经济共同研究中心”的资助
【CateGory Index】: D871.2;D81
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