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Examing Nietzsche's Anti-scientific Tendencies from Multi-dimensional Perspectives

SUN Hongxia(Postdoctoral Working Station,China Research Institute for Science Popularization,Beijing 100081,China)  
In his refuting and rejecting modernity,Nietzsche criticizes the fundamental elements and principles of science from the perspectives of skepticism,romanticism,irrationalism and deconstructionism.With skepticism,he questions objectivity logic,causality and scientific language characterized by nihility intention;from the perspective of romanticism,he denies mechanical viewpoint and scientific methods by examining science through "back to nature";from the perspective of irrationalism,he regards "the will to power" as essence of the world and denounces scientific theories,rationality and scientific truth;from the perspective of deconstructionism,he subverts modern civilization and denies advancement of science.It is concluded that not only he absorbs the legacy of modern anti-scientific thoughts,but also sets up a bridge leading to anti-scientific tendencies in the modern and post-modern era.
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