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《Journal of Shandong University of Science and Technology(Social Sciences)》 2018-06
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Research on Strong Artificial Intelligence Debate from the Historical Perspective

WANG Yanyu;Institute for the History of Natural Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Throughout the history of artificial intelligence(AI),"strong AI"has always been a controversial concept which constantly arouses people's concern.For the idea of"strong AI",we are expected to take a reasonable view of the various arguments it has caused:(1)The idea of"strong AI"is an important force to drive AI technology to break the boundary between humans and machines and develop forward;(2)The controversy of"strong AI"reflects the tension between different social factors,including the"two cultures"(scientific culture and humanistic culture),the mainstream world outlook,i.e.science and technology are the competitiveness and productivity and so on.Besides,these cultures in AI circle go through a process from opposition to conflict,and finally to tentative dialogue and cooperation.(3)The attitude of AI circle and philosophical circle towards"strong AI"is changing:AI circle was initially optimistic and supportive,and then pessimistic and ignoring,and is now finally cautious;philosophical circle towards"strong AI"was critical and suspicious,and now advocates vigorously,moreover,it is more concerned about the risk that strong AI may cause.(4)The concept of"strong AI"needs to be redefined to make it a scientific concept rather than a simple one of"science fiction".Besides,more attention should be paid to the"strong AI"risk.
【Fund】: 中国科学院自然科学史研究所重点培育方向项目“科技的社会风险”;中国科学院青年研教项目“机器人ELSI问题研究”项目
【CateGory Index】: TP18
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