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《Journal of Shandong University of Science and Technology(Social Sciences)》 2018-06
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From the Asilomar Conference to the International Summit on Human Genome Editing:the Role and Limitation of the Expert Precaution in Biotechnology Governance

GAO Lu;Institute for the History of Natural Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
The history,significance and related debate of two"consensus conferences",that is,the Asilomar Conference and the International Summit on Human Genome Editing,both organized by the scientists and focusing on the uncertainty of recombinant DNA technology and genome editing technology respectively,are discussed for an attempt to probe into the role and limitation of expert precaution in new biotechnology governance.The Asilomar Conference in 1975 on the potential biohazards of recombinant DNA was seen as the beginning of precaution principle of biotechnology governance.However,the risks and interests set by the Asilomar Conference were too narrow,which limited the scope of biotechnology governance.The International Summit on Human Genome Editing held in 2015 discussed the science,ethics and governance issues concerning human genome editing,and took the advice from a broader global community.However,it still distributed the complicated global governance challenge into different countries and regions,even the enterprises,which inevitably led to fragmented governance.With the development of biotechnology and its industrialization,the expert precaution model in the governance of gene editing technology was only a start of a long going procedure of discussion and negotiation.Governance could never accomplish at one stroke,instead,it was a slow,dynamic process of agreement making.In the post genome era,to understand the social transformations in social relationship,ethics,and laws caused by the technology is the key to understand the technology in itself,which could lead to a good governance of emerging technology.
【Fund】: 中国科学院青促会项目“科技治理的历史、现状与趋势”;中国科学院自然科学史研究所重点培育方向“科技的社会风险”项目支持
【CateGory Index】: Q81
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 GAO Lu;LI Zheng-feng;Institute for History of Natural Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Institute of Science,Technology and Society,Tsinghua University;;The Construction of STS Participatory Approach:From Human Genome Project to ESRC Genomics Network of UK[J];科学与社会;2014-01
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