The Political Implications of Carnap’s Philosophy
LIU Yongmou;ZHANG Xun;School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China;
Since the 1990 s, "restudy of logical positivism" has become a new hotspot in the field of philosophy of science. Academia realizes Carnap's philosophy is of deep political and social implications. The most direct expression of Carnap's political stand is what he calls "scientific humanism". First, scientific humanism is consistent with democratic socialism in many positions, especially in the aspects of planism and the restriction of state power. Secondly, the rejection and revolution of metaphysics have the intention of emancipating the minds in theory and promoting social reform. Furthermore, Carnap distinguishes between absolute value statements and relative value statements, and on this basis, he puts forward the distinction between political goals and political means. It is believed that political means should be scientifically analyzed to achieve higher efficiency. Finally, the unity of science and the principle of tolerance also reflect Carnap's inclusive position on political issues, which is consistent with the scientific humanism's tolerant and modified attitude towards different road choices.