Analysis of prevalence characteristics of pneumoconiosis from 2006—2012 in Hainan province
WANG Long-yi;NIE Guang-jin;XV Wen-fang;LI Bin;CHEN Yun;Hainan Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control;
Objective To analyze the prevalence characteristics of pneumoconiosis from 2006—2012 in Hainan,to predict the epidemic trend of pneumoconiosis,thereby provide the evidence for making preventive countermeasures. Methods All confirmed cases of pneumoconiosis during 2006—2012 in Hainan province were collected for the analysis on disease categories,geographical distribution,industry and pneumoconiosis complicated tuberculosis,etc. Results It was found that there were 512 cases of pneumoconiosis in total occurred in Hainan province during 2006—2012,which showed a rapid increasing tendency,92. 77% cases were those from countryside,and 99. 22% of them were silicosis. The cases mainly concentrated in Dongfang city,and the mainly concerned industry was mining,especially the small or medium private enterprises. Among the pneumoconiosis cases,66. 60% was stage Ⅰ,22. 86% was stage Ⅱ,10. 55%was stage Ⅲ cases,and majority were miner and driller( 90. 43%). The average dust-exposed time of these cases was( 7. 20 ± 3. 68)years,and the coincidence of tuberculosis in these patients showed gradually increase with the severity of pneumoconiosis( χ2= 13. 81,P 0. 005). Conclusion The results suggested that the pneumoconiosis in Hainan province has already enterred a high incidence period,the situation is severe,and more attention and measure in prevention and control should be made especially in high incidence area and industry.