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《JOURNAL OF SHANGHAI FISHERIES UNIVERSITY》 2000-01
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The effects of temperature and salinity on growth and reproduction of Daphnia magna

Huang Xianqing, Wang Wu (Fisheries College, SFU, 200090)  
There generally 5 pre-adult installs and 12 to 17 adult installs in Daphnia magna , the duration of every pre-adult install is about one day, the average duration of every adult install is 3. 5 day at 15℃, 2. 6 day 18℃, 2.5 day 21℃, 2. 1 day 25℃. The duration of the installs increase with temperature decreasing and age. The growth of Daphnia magna will accelerate with temperature rising, the growth rate arrives at peak between and V install, followed by a rematked decrease of 60% - 70% between V and VI. The change of growth rate at lower temperature is relatively gentel when compared with that at higher temperature. Growth and body length of Daphnia magna at lower temperature in later period surpassed those at higher temperature. With temperature rising, Daphnia magna matures and reproduces earlier, the reproductive rate rises and reproductive number decreases remarkably. 21℃ is the optimum reproductive temperature of Daphnia, its total repoductive number was the highest at different tempertures and 591. 1. The half-lethal salinity of Daphnia magna not traine is 9.65 in 24 h, 9.45 in 48 h, 8 .98 in 72h, the reproductive upper salinity of Daphnia is about 9. 3. When Daphnia magna was trained to the salinity 8 .5 in shorter time, its half-lethal salinity respectively rose to 12 .54, 12. 06, 11. 3, the reproductive upper salinity rose 9. 8, the survival time also prolonged largely at higher salinity.
【CateGory Index】: S963.2
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