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《Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation》 2012-01
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DEM Based Extraction of River Networks in Binzhou River Basin of Heilongjiang Province

GUAN Ying-hui1,2,ZHENG Fen-li1,2,WANG Bin1,2,DING Xiao-bin1,2,LIU Yi-bo3(1.College of Resources and Environment,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China; 3.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093,China)  
Extracting river network characteristics based on digital elevation model(DEM) is a hotspot in digital hydrology research.By taking Binzhou River basin in the black soil region of Northeast China as an example and using 5-meter resolution DEM as the data for study,river network features were extracted by applying Arc Hydro Tools in ArcGIS 9.2 version.Results showed that when different drainage networks were extracted by setting drainage area threshold value to be 0.75,1.25,2,2.5,3.75,and 5 km2,respectively,different threshold values had very little effect on spatial position of the main stream network,but extracted river network features of the digital watershed changed greatly.A method for setting a suitable threshold value was proposed based on the relation of source density/drainage density with drainage area threshold.It was found that when drainage area threshold was 2 km2,extracted river network features were basically consistent with actual drainage net features,with prediction accuracy reaching 95%.Therefore,automatic extraction of watershed features based on Arc Hydro Tools is feasible.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划资助“不同类型区土壤侵蚀过程与机理”(2007CB407201)
【CateGory Index】: P208
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