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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2003-09
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Evaluation, planning and prediction of ecosystem services of urban green space:A case study of Yangzhou City

LI Feng,WANG Ru Song (Research Center for Eco Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100085,China).  
City is a kind of social economic natural complex ecosystem, dominated by human activities. Urban green space is an important constituent part of urban natural ecosystem. It has important ecosystem services. Ecosystem services of urban green space are that green space can provide physical and mental products, environment, resource, and ecological commonwealth,maintaining human activities and people's body and mind health. They include purifying environment, adjusting micro climate, keeping water, circulating nutrition, sustaining biodiversity, landscaping, preventing and reducing natural disaster, providing amenity, culture, education and society functions. Ecosystem service is one of focus issues of urban ecosystem research. The studies of ecosystem services of urban green space in overseas countries are mainly about urban forest and they focus on urban environment improvement, biodiversity maintenance, amenity values, and ecosystem management, while in China they focus on urban environment improvement, evaluation of urban green quantity and quality, value estimation, and evaluating indicator system. Taking Yangzhou city as a case study, according to social economic natural complex ecosystem theory and ecological planning principles, refering to international standards, ecosystem services of urban green space were planned. Based on green space status, topography, natural environment and people's demand for ecosystem services, three ring greenbelts were planned. They are composed of inner, outskirts, and outer greenbelt. Six indicators were planned at different phases in details including greening coverage ratio, mean green space per person, public green space per person, green space structure, green space distribution, and native species dominance. The planning results were evaluated and predicted at different phases using Polygon Synthesis Indicator method. The results indicate that the synthesis index of ecosysten services of green space of Yangzhou urban area was 0 272 in 2000, so the ecosystem service belonged to class Ⅲ and was general. The synthesis index will be 0.391 in 2005, so the ecosystem service also belonged to class Ⅲ and was general. It will be 0.586 in 2010, so the ecosystem service will belong to class Ⅱ and will be bettter. It will reach to 0.777 in 2020, so the ecosystem service will belong to class Ⅰ and will be excellent. Ecosystem services of urban green space depend on scientific ecological planning and appropriate ecological management. In order to gain the anticipative planning aim, implement, supervision and management after planning must be strengthened by using legal, economic, administrative, social, and technological means. Some countermeasures were advanced from ecological viewpoint for urban greening of Yangzhou city: from ground greening to roof and vertical greening; from local greening to regional greening; from occupying green space to resuming these spaces for greening; from monotone green space to various green space; from green space structure to green space function; from external greening to internal culture; from landscaping design to ecological design. It should be pointed out that urban ecological construction can be carried out by various approaches not only by greening. During the construction of urban green space, urban characteristics should be embodied, at the same time, the development, maintenance and management costs also should be taken into account.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(39930040)~~
【CateGory Index】: TU985
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