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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2012-01
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Comparison of grain protein components and processing quality in responses to dim light during grain filling between strong and weak gluten wheat cultivars

LI Wenyang1,2,YAN Suhui1,WANG Zhenlin2, 1 College of Plant Science,Anhui Science and Technology University,Fengyang 233100,China 2 State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology,Agronomy College of Shandong Agricultural University,Tai′an 271018,China  
Low light intensity as a result of cloudy or rainy days often occurs during the grain filling of winter wheat(Triticum aestivum L.) in Huanghuai region of China,largely affecting grain yield and quality.Many investigators have demonstrated the effects of shading on photosynthesis,dry matter accumulation,grain yield and its components of winter wheat.However,there are few reports on the effects of shading on protein compositions and processing quality in wheat grain.The strong gluten wheat cultivars are remarkably different from the weak gluten cultivars in many grain quality parameters.This study attempted to determine the processing quality and protein compositions of wheat cultivars differing in quality type wheat grown under low light intensity at different grain filling stages.Two wheat cultivars,Jimai 20(strong gluten wheat cultivars) and Shannong 1391(weak gluten wheat cultivars),were used to investigate the effect of dim light on grain yield,protein compositions and processing quality.The field was shaded by the black nets with 90% shading over the plants in early(6—9 d after anthesis,S1 treatment),middle(16—19 d after anthesis,S2 treatment) and late(26—29 d after anthesis,S3 treatment) grain filling.The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete design with three replications. The results showed that dim light after anthesis remarkably reduced grain yield,especially in S2 treatment for Jimai 20 and S3 treatment for Shannong 1391.Shading stress after anthesis significantly decreased the kernel weight.The kernel number per spike had great difference in treatments.The low light stress of S1 treatment reduced the kernel number per spike,in fact,it reduced the upper kernel number per spike,and the decrease extent of kernel weight of S1 treatment was lower than S2 and S3 treatments.Under shading condition,grain nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen harvest index decreased sharply in both cultivars.Dim light after anthesis significantly increased the grain protein content in both cultivars,especially at the middle grain filling stage,and the trend as following: S2S3S1Control.Combined grain protein content with kernel weight,we suggested that it was less kernel weight that increased protein content of shading treatments.Under shading stress,especially at middle and late grain filling stages,the insoluble glutenin content enhanced significantly,but the soluble glutenin content was no significant difference with the control,then,the glutenin polymerization index in grain increased sharply.Compared with the control,The dry and wet gluten contents and sedimentation values were all significantly increased at three shading stress.And dim light after anthesis significantly increased the dough development time and stability time,especially at middle and late grain filling stages.After it was analyzed that the relationship between the farinograph parameters and insoluble glutenin content and glutenin polymerization index of two wheat cultivars.The results suggested that different farinograph parameters were tied up by the differences of insoluble glutenin contents and glutenin polymerization indexes between the cultivars.Insoluble glutenin contents and glutenin polymerization indexes affected farinograph parameters,and then influenced wheat grain processing quality..Transient shading stress during grain filling improved farinograph parameters for strong gluten wheat cultivars,but worsen farinograph parameters for weak gluten wheat cultivars.And grain yield decreased significantly at one time.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30571099);; 安徽省高校省级自然科学研究重点项目(KJ2011A073)
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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