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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2018-24
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Comparison of the species diversity and phylogenetic structure of tree communities in karst and non-karst mountains in Guangxi

ZENG Wenhao;SHI Wei;TANG Yisi;ZHENG Weiyan;CAO Kunfang;Guangxi Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Conservation,College of Forestry,Guangxi University;State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources,Guangxi University;  
We compiled data of 365 tree community plots from the literature,which were sampled across Guangxi and varied in plot area from 400 to 1000 m2( with 50% of plots 400 m2),and characterized the species diversity and community phylogenetic diversity( PD) and structure,and their relationship with the mean annual temperature( MAT) of the sampling location in three types of forest habitats: non-karst with an elevation of ≤ 1000 m,non-karst with an elevation of 1000 m,and karst with an elevation of ≤ 1000 m. We found that in comparison of the number of the families with more than 4species in the forests,the non-karst forests with an elevation of ≤ 1000 m contained 24 more families than non-karst forests with an elevation of 1000 m,and 18 more families than karst forests. Lauraceae,Fagaceae,Theaceae,and Ericaceae areimportant and common families of non-karst forests at both low and high elevations. Euphorbiaceae was the family that contains the largest number of species in karst forests. Theaceae and Ericaceae that appeared in the non-karst forests were absent in karst forests. The species diversity and phylogenetic structure index of the tree communities in the three habitats were not significantly associated with the MAT. Gleason's diversity indices of karst and non-karst forests with an elevation of≤ 1000 m were not significantly different,but significantly lower that of non-karst forests with an elevation of 1000 m.The PD of the non-karst forests with elevations ≤ 1000 m was higher than that of the non-karst forests with elevations of either 1000 m,indicating the former is favourable for hosting the more distant-related species. The phylogenetic net relatedness index( NRI) and the nearest taxon index( NTI) revealed that most of the forest plots in the three habitats showed phylogenetic clustering,and a small proportion of plots displayed phylogenetic overdispersion or randomness. These suggest that habitat filtration plays a major role in the community assembly of karst and non-karst forests in Guangxi. The proportions of plots with phylogenetic overdispersion in the karst forests and non-karst forests with an elevation of 1000 m were lower that in the non-karst forests with an elevation of ≤ 1000 m,revealing that environmental filtration was stronger in these two habitats.
【Fund】: 国家重点研发计划子课题(2016YFC0502101-04);; 广西重点研发计划项目(桂科AB16380254);; 广西“八桂学者”人才项目(2016A32)
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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