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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2018-24
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Floristic composition and phylogenetic diversity of climbing plants in natural forests across Guangxi

TANG Yisi;SHI Wei;ZENG Wenhao;ZHENG Weiyan;CAO Kunfang;College of Forestry,Guangxi University,Guangxi Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Conservation;State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources,Guangxi University;  
Climbing plants are an important component of tropical and subtropical forests. They have been increasing in abundance in tropical forests over the past several decades,which may lead to a reduction of forest biodiversity and ecosystem services,such as carbon stock and sequestration. Based on the literature community data of 355 quadrats from natural forests across Guangxi,we compared the species,phylogenetic diversity,and phylogenetic structural indices of climbing plants in karst forests with altitudes lower than 1000 m and non-karst forests with altitudes lower than 1000 m and above 1000 m( up to ~ 2000 m). We also analyzed the relationships between the species diversity and phylogenetic diversity( PD),as well as the phylogenetic structural indices of climbing plants and mean annual temperature of the quadrat locations. The results showed that( 1) the climbing plants in the natural forests mainly consisted of tropical genera( 75.4%),with a low composition of temperate genera( 12.3%);( 2) the non-karst forests with altitudes ≤1000 m had the highest PD,and the karst forests had the lowest;( 3) the species,PD,and phylogenetic structural indices of theclimbing plants were not correlated with the mean annual temperature;( 4) the phylogenetic structure of the climbing plants in the non-karst forests tended to be over-dispersed,indicating that competitive exclusion is the main mechanism for community assembly of climbing plants in these forests. The phylogenetic structure of the climbing plants in the karst forests tended to be clustered,indicating that environmental filtering is the main mechanism of the species assemblage. These findings reveal insights into the species diversity and co-existence mechanisms of climbing plants in tropical and subtropical forests.
【Fund】: 国家重点研发计划子课题(2016YFC0502101-04);; 广西重点研发计划项目(桂科AB16380254);; 广西“八桂学者”人才项目(2016A32)
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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