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Wang Zhenzhong;Zhang Youmei;Xia Weisheng Zheng Yunyou;Hu Juelian; Xing Xiejia(Resource and Enviornment Department,Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China, 410081 ) Yan Hengmei; Guo Yongcan; Lai Qin (Biology Department,Hu' nan Normal University,Changsha,  
This paper deals with the changes of soil animal community structure in contami- nated and irrigated area by organophosphorus pesticide, and inquired into the mechanism of this effect. The results showed that the species and quantities of the soil animals were de- creased with increasing of pesticide pollution degree. In heavy pollution area, 1, 2 plot, there were 21 species and 22 species of the soil animals collected, the animal densities were 28 571 and 5l 269 ind. /m2 respectively. In middle and light pollution area, 3, 4 plot,there were 35 and 47 species of soil animals, the densities were 29 285 and 156 587 ind./m2. The species of soil animals was decreased with decreasing of common population and rare population, while the amount chan0ge of soil animal was associated with the amount change of the dominant pop- ulations of Acarina, Collembola and Nematode. Toxicity experiment demonstrated that the respire intensity of earthworm was restricted obviously by the pesticide pollution. After obser-vation with scanning electron microsoope, pervasive ulcer, tumid and perforation etc. on in-testinal catarrh could be found in Porodosa astrigera collected from heavy and middle polluted area.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S154.5
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