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《Probe》 2019-01
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Selective Cultivation:The Practical Logic of Empowering Township-Level Government and Its Optimization

GAO Xiang;School of Public Affairs & Center of Social Welfare and Governance,Zhejiang University Zhejiang University;  
China's administrative system constrains township governments' autonomous power by proposing ceilinged socioeconomic approval power,removing its independent fiscal power,and strictly limiting its autonomous in adjusting the organizational structure.Such limitation of autonomous power has led to township governments' incapability of growing its governance capacity with a growing population in urbanization.How to empower the township government? This is one of the most critical challenges of reforming China's administrative system.Based on in-depth fieldwork in Zhejiang and other provinces,this paper suggests that selective cultivation is the key strategy of the Chinese government to deal with the dilemma of rapid urbanization and limited governance capacity at the township level.Selective cultivation means that the higher level government delegates administrative power and allocates scarce resources to the selected townships,but does not empower them with independent fiscal power and the power to adjust the organizational structure. Selective cultivation could help develop some township governments' capacity to promote economic growth in the short term.However,the governance capacity will not be able to grow sustainably without substantial autonomous power. To enhance township governments' governance capacity in urbanization,the higher level government should continue to stick to the principle of power delegation,and to reform the fiscal system and organization structure at the township level according to the new guidelines of"enabling the local government to adjust its organizational structure".
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目“新型城镇化进程中的地方政府职能转变与体制机制创新研究”(14CZZ029) 项目负责人:高翔;; 浙江省哲学社会科学规划立项课题“新型城镇化进程中的县域政府治理转型研究”(13NDJC178YB) 项目负责人:冯涛
【CateGory Index】: D630
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