The Overview in Development and Application of Genetically Modifed Crops
SHEN Ping;WU Yu-hua;LIANG Jin-gang;LU Xin;ZHANG Qiu-yan;WANG Hao-qian;LIU Peng-cheng;Development Center of Science and Technology,Ministry of Agriculture;Oil Crops Research Institute,CAAS;Agro-Environmental Protection Institute,Ministry of Agriculture;
21~(st)century is the century of biotechnology,and speeding up the development of transgenic technology has become the world's strategies to enhance the core competitiveness of countries all over the world.The global status of the development, planting and application of genetically modified( GM) crops are sammarized. Agricultural biotechnology has entered into a new stage of global distribution,countries have planned the layout with a view to gain the upper hand in the technology and market. After 20 years of development,China has made great progress in the field of biotechnology research and development,large-scale planting of insect-resistant cotton results a good economic and social benefits. But the commercialization of other genetically modified crops is slow due to the influence of the negative public opinion environment and other factors. China is a populous country,the contradiction between grain supply and demand is outstanding,vigorous development of the biotechnology industry is the inevitable choice of China's future. On the one hand,China should insist on the road of independent innovation on the basis of ensuring safety,on the other hand,the government should establish a timely information disclosure mechanism, create a favorable public opinion environment,make a scientific decision from the people 's livelihood to promoter the healthy and orderly development of biotechnology industry.