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《Acta Biologiae Experimentalis Sinica》 1993-01
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PRELIMINARY CYTOIOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON FEMALE STERILITY OF HYBRIDS BETWEEN INDICA AND JAPONICA RICE

Liu Yong-sheng Zhou Kai-da (Rice Research Institute of Sichuan Agricultural University,Ya'an,Sichuan 625014) Yin Guo-da Luo Wen-zhi (Rice and Sorghum Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Luzhou,Sichuan 646100)  
The cytology of two hybrids betweenindica and japonica rice(Oryza sativa L.)was observed.The rcsults suggested thatlow seed-set rate of inter-subspecific hyb-rids was due to abortion of a part of em-bryo sacs.Observations on fertilized embryosacs showed none of proembryo and endo-sperm development was of abnormality.The majority of sterile ovules did not con-tain any embryo sac,but only a large darkspot including sometimes a few collapsedcells and nuclei.Other sterile embryo sacspartially developed but more or less dege-nerated before viable embryo sacs formed.Some of fully differentiated embryo sacswere not fertilized after flowering becauseof the affection of environments.
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