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《Acta Biologiae Experimentalis Sinica》 1996-04
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PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON THE RABBIT OVIDUCTIN "DPF-1"

SHEN Hong LIU Chuan Ju GU Zheng LU Ji Ning CHENG Guo Xiang TSO Jia Ke (Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031)  
Anti-rabbit 64 kDa oviductin (named Development Promoting Factor-1, DPF-1) antibody could inhibit totally the early development of mouse fertilised eggs cultured in the conditioned medium derived from the rabbit oviduct mucosa epithelial cells, revealed that DPF-1 synthesized and secreted from rabbit oviduct mucosa has a function to overcome the developmental block of early mouse embryos. It seems that DPF-1 consists of a group of polypeptide isoforms, since its isoelectric points are ranging from 7.2 to 8.1 (Fig. 3). The synthesis and secretion of DPF-i was not dependent on either 17β-estradiol or progesterone (Fig. 7), it can pass through zona pellucida easily and associate tightly with the early embryonic cell membrane (Fig. 6). By using Western blotting method, we found that DPF-i was not appeared in the tissues of liver, heart, lung, spleen, uterus, ovary, small intestine, skeleton muscle and brain, but in that of oviduct (Fig. 4): some DPF-1 homologous molecules were also revealed in the oviduct tissues of mouse and golden hamster, their apparent molecular weights were 32 kDa, 72 kDa in mouse, and 49 kDa, 68 kDa in golden hamster (Fig. 5). Results obtained from the in vivo anti-fertility experiment, namely to analyse the anti-fertility effect in adult female mice after active immunization with DPF-l, showed that the fertility decreased significantly as compared to those of controls (p0.01) (Table 1). DPF-1 and its in vivo "loss of function" evidence we obtained will encourage us to study the mechanism of DPF-i in overcoming the developmental block of early embryos, and its role in transition from maternal to embryonic control of early development.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金~~
【CateGory Index】: Q51
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