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《Thinking》 2018-05
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Applying Pierre Bourdieu's Theories About Practice and Social Capital to Interpretation the Contemporary Development of Fictive Kinship of Bai people in Dali

MA Tengyue;  
The term "ji ming qin jia"( 寄名亲家),a form of fictive kinship,used to be a traditional but unpopular practice in Bai villages in Dianbei of Heqing County in Dali,Yunnan,China.According to the custom,different families neither related by blood nor marriage could establish fictive kinship by"daganqin"( "打干亲") or accepting each other as chosen kin. Since the local livelihood pattern began to change from traditional agricultural society to modern commercial society based on silver and copper handicrafts and tourism in the late 1990 s,"ji ming qin jia" has become more and more popular among the Bai people in this area. Today,with 95% of the local Bai people under the age of 20 having their own chosen elders,"ji ming qin jia"has become a common custom in the local villages. An important topic in anthropological research,fictive kinship varies greatly from culture to culture in terms of chosen kin,means and purpose. among different cultures. The author of this paper uses Pierre Bourdieu' s theories about practice and social capital to interpret the contemporary development of fictive kinship among the Bai people in Dianbei,Dali. The author argues that both "ji ming qin jia"and the age group have become efficient cultural tools for local Bai people to adapt to the changing livelihood pattern and accumulate social capital.
【Fund】: 云南省高校一流学科云南大学民族学学科建设项目“鹤庆白族社会组织与亲属制度调查”阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: C95
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