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《Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics》 2009-01
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Multiple Organic Damages in 202 Cases with Kawasaki Disease

ZHANG Bao-hong1,CHEN Xiao-bo1,DU Jun-bao2(1.Department of Endocrine,Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics,Beijing 100020,China;2.Department of Pediatrics,Peking University First Hospital,Beijing 100034,China)  
Objective To analyze the clinical features of organic damages in Kawasaki disease(KD),and to improve the diagnosis and treatment level.Methods Two hundred and two cases with KD admitted in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from Jan.2000 to Oct.2007 were reviewed,and their blood routine,urine,stool routine,liver function,kidney function,chest X-ray,and so on,were investigated.The incidence of organic damages in KD was evaluated.Results Among the 202 KD children,137 were male and 65 were female,the male-female ratio was 2.11.0.Most of them were infants,and 71.3% of them were younger than 3 years old.The damages of hematological system were detected in 78/202 cases(38.6%),respiratory system 76/202 cases(37.6%),cardiovascalar system 68/202 cases(33.7%),urinary system 52/202 cases(25.6%),digestive system 23/202 cases(11.4%),and central nervous system 3/202 cases(1.5%).On the other hand,3 cases complicated with septemia,1 case with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and 1 case with Henoch-Schonlein purpura.Conclusions The data indicate that the incidence of hematological system involvement in the sick-children with KD were highest,with more than 2 organs involved simaltaneously.Many organic damages were involved in KD and diverse clinical manifestation could be found.Physicians should understand not only the typical features but also the rare symptoms and organic damage so as to prevent misdiagnosis and improper treatment.J Appl Clin Pediatr,2009,24(1):31-32
【CateGory Index】: R725.4
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