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《Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics》 2009-15
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Detection of Clonal T Cell Receptor γ Gene Rearrangement in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Its Clinical Significance

HE Yun-yan,LUO Jian-ming(Department of Pediatrics,the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University,Nanning 530021,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,China)  
Objective To investigate the clonal rearrangement of T cell receptor (TCR) γ gene which was of monoclonality,oligoclona-lity or clonal evolution /subclonality during the course of disease in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its significance.Methods Between Sep. 2004 and Sep. 2007,70 patients with ALL were diagnosed in Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University,among which 51 cases were boys and 19 cases were girls.Their ages ranged from 2 years to 14 years (average age was 8.5 years).DNA samples were extracted from bone marrow cells or venous blood cells by phenol/phenol-isoamyl alcohol-chloroform/isoamyl alcohol law.DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) of silver stained technique was employed to detect PCR products.Results The amplification products of 23 cases of the 70 ALL patients were positive,in which 10 cases still had positive results in period of complete remission and had poor sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs,4 cases were of oligoclonality/ subclonality,and 2 cases were of clonal evolution with poor prognosis.Conclusions Detecting TCR γ gene rearrangement reflects clonal evolution of leukemia cells.The oligoclonality clonal evolution continues to exist,whose multiplication is the main reason of recurrent ALL.Detecting TCRγ gene rearrangement,evaluating ALL of the patient's prognosis,the judgment of recurrence and the development of individualized treatment programs have great guiding significance,which can maximize the possibility of the sick children to make long-term disease-free survival and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy on the long-term basis.
【CateGory Index】: R733.7
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