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《Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics》 2009-22
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Epidemiological and Clinical Analysis of 128 Children with Measles

XIE Yong-mei,WANG Zhi-ling,GAO Shan (Department of General Pediatrics One,West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,Sichuan Province,China)  
Objective To investigate the new epidemiology and clinical manifestation of measles in children in recent years. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight cases of children′s measles were collected,and their epidemiological and clinical characteristics of age distribution,endemic distribution,vaccination,clinical manifestation,complication and misdiagnosis were discussed. Results Among the patients living in urban,90% cases were single dose vaccination,35% cases were between 3-8 years old,27% cases were less than 8 months old,59% cases were mild measles,27% cases were atypical measles,40% cases were misdiagnosed at first visit,and 67% cases of measles less than 8 months old were babies of vaccine immunized mother.Among the patients living in rural,68% cases had no vaccination,86% cases were at age of typical onset,61% cases were typical measles,7% cases were severe measles,and 28% cases were mild measles.Among all cases of measles,mild measles and atypical measles were as high as 41% and 16%,but typical measles were only 37%.In all patients,56% cases had typical measles rash,82% cases had Koplik′s spots,77% cases had typical onset of eruption,100% cases had higher fever in eruption stage,89% cases had typical downward sequence of eruption,93% cases had skin pigmentation,and 81% cases had desquamation. Conclusions Less than 8 months infants and single dose vaccinated pre-school children are newly susceptible group of measles.Mild measles and atypical measles markedly increased,with atypical clinical symptoms,variable rash and variant onset,but the character of aggravated fever in eruption stage scarcely changes.Infants of vaccine immunized mother and pre-school children are advised to vaccinate ahead of schedule.
【CateGory Index】: R725.1
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