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《Practical Preventive Medicine》 2007-02
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Investigation on Epidemiological Characteristics and Related Factors of Overweight and Obesity Among Adult Residents in Hebei Province

LI Hua,ZHANG Jing-yi,ZHANG Zhong-chao,et al.(Institute of Chronic Disease,Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Shijiazhuang 050021,Hebei)  
Objective To understand the epidemiology of overweight and obesity and the related risk factors among adult residents in Hebei Province.MethodsA total of 4,192 adults from 20 districts in Hebei Province were selected by multistage stratified random sampling method,and the questionnaire survey and body weight and height measurement were conducted among them for understanding the epidemiology on the related factors of overweight and obesity.Results The total rates of overweight,obesity and central obesity were 35.23%,16.34% and 52.67% respectively.These results in Hebei Province were significantly higher than the average level in China.Middle-aged men and middle-aged and elderly women were the key taregt population of overweight and obesity prevention and control.The rates of overweight and central obesity were highly associated with ageing,particularly among the females.Whether the gender,the rate of physical exercise per week among the overweight and obesity adults was increased,in addition,the males(27.79%) were higher than the females(24.22%)(P0.01).Both the moderate exercised males and females had slightly higher rates of overweight and central obesity,but only in males the rates were higher with the more strenucous exercises.Similarly,the rates of overweight and central obesity were higher with sitting silently lifestyle among them.The rate of overweight was the lowest than other groups in the people who riding bicycle as the means of transportation, but the rate was the highest in people who often stay at home.Conclusion The rates of overweight and obesity in Hebei Province are higher than the average level in China,and a few people do exercises on their own initiative.As a simple and effective exercise way,bicycle riding not only reduces excessive weight but also build up health,and is suitable for the majority of the people.It is necessary to develop health education for popularizing the knowledge of slimming and bodybuilding physical exercises,and avoiding static lifestyle in everyday life among adult residents.
【Fund】: 2004年中国成人慢性病相关危险因素监测(中国疾控中心)
【CateGory Index】: R589.2
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