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《Practical Preventive Medicine》 2007-02
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Status of Mycetes Pollution and Air Mycetes Toxin in a Standby Underground Hospital

ZHANG Yong-liang,ZHI Qiang,ZHEN Shi-ying,et al.(The 25lst Hospital of the PLA,Zhangjiakou 075000,Hebei)  
Objective To reseach the status of mycetes pollution and air mycetes toxin in a underground hospital and to provide proof for precaution.Medthod The total bacterial and mycetes counts in the air were determined with the method of knock-on and mycetes on the surface of objects with cotton pledget.The mycetes were identified according to its colonial morpholopy and growth construction,and Aflatoxin B1 of Aspergillus flavs was detected by ELISA.Result The average total bacterial count was 3,195 cfu/m3 and mycetes count was 18,046 cfu/m3 in the air while the mycetes was 27,840 cfu/m3 and 104,960 cfu/m3 respectively on the surface of wooden bedframe and mattress.Nine of the 73 strains of Aspergillus flavus produced aflatoxin B1,accounted for 12.3%.Conclusion The air was heavily polluted by mycetes in this underground hospital and the total bacterial count exceeded the wholesome standard of human protection project.The mycetes is mainly from much humus in it and diffuses gradually which can invade human bodies to cause mycotic infection.Meanwhile,some of them can produce toxin which can be breathed in along with the suspended particulate in the air and deposit in the alveoli pulmonis or be absorded through the skin which adversely affects human's health.
【Fund】: 北京军区“十一五”计划项目(06BJ005)
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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