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A Review on the Factory Act 1802 in England

ZHANG Kaifa;WANG Yubo;The School of Society,Soochow University;  
The Factory Act 1802,which unveiled the beginning of the early factory legislation in England,was designed to protect the apprentices under oppression in cotton and woollen mills,and in cotton and woollen factories. In this context of the early 19th century England which underwent the transformation from the traditional society into the industrial society,the legislative thought of the Factory Act 1802also demonstrated its two sides.On the one hand,the act was the result of traditional paternalism;on the other hand it was tinted with state interference.Although the act wasn't carried out effectively,it to some extent alleviated the increasingly intense contradictions between labor and capital,unveiling the prelude of the factory reform in England in the first half of the 19th century. Therefore,its historical significance cannot be ignored.
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