A Preliminary Interpretation of “Qu Ze Quan” by Lao-tzu
ZHOU Zhiyuan;College of Philosophy,Beijing Normal University;
As to the understanding of the three characters"Qu Ze Quan"("bending"means"completeness"),previous sages either laid a special emphasis on the particular interpretation of the first one("bending")and the third("completeness"),but didn't pay much attention to the second("Ze",the inner bridge between the first and the third);or they laid a special emphasis on the comprehension of empirical reality,but didn't move upward to a transendental analysis of its inherent reasons from "Qu"to "Quan".In fact,as the internal logic and the cause of changes,"Ze"plays a very important role in the understanding of the saying "bending means completeness"."Ze"indicates a resetting to the original condition in Lao-tzu's,expressing a reductive thinking,i.e.,a kind of thinking being stripped off all the outer and nonself things and restored to the real look of self,making the self as the unfoldedness self,which is consistent with one's naturalness gained from "Tao",and in turn witnesses the unfolding of"Tao"in the self,i.e.,the trace of the unfolding making the self be"Tao",thus realizes the resetting of"Tao"and the unification of self with"Tao"."Qu"is a kind of life posture which is weak-gaurding,natural and without striving."Ze"is a kind of resetting thinking as well as reductant thought."Quan"is the entire existence of"Tao".Ascetics insist on"Qu"as their life posture and unfold the trace of their lives in the mode of resetting,and reach the state of the entire existence of"Tao",thus making the realization of the resetting of"Tao",realizing the satisfacation of personality.This is the inner logic and fundamental intention of"Qu Ze Quan".