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《Paint & Coatings Industry》 2012-12
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Preparation and Characterization of Flame Retardant Waterborne Polyurethane Modified with Boron Phenolics

Rao Zhou,Wang Huan,Gan Quan,Huang Yiping,Xu Gewen(The Key Laboratory of Environment-Friendly Polymer Materials of Anhui Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Anhui University,Hefei 23009,China)  
A range of flame retardant waterborne polyurethane emulsion modified by boron phenolic(FB),were synthesized with polyether diols(N-210),isophorone diisocyanate(IPDI),boron phenolic(FB),1,4-butanediol(BDO),trimethylolpropane(TMP),and dimethylol propionic acid(DMPA) as the basic monomers.The influence of the amount of FB on polyurethane(PU) emulsion stability,water resistance,mechanical property,thermal properties,and flame-retardant properties was investigated by FT-IR,water absorption,tensile test,pendulum hardness test,thermal analysis(TGA),limiting oxygen index(LOI),micro-combustion calorimetry(MCC),and so on.The experiment results indicated that,with the reasonable addition of FB,both the water absorption and heat decomposition rate of polyurethane were reduced,tensile strength,hardness and thermal stability were improved,while the carbon yield obviously increased.The LOI was 29% and UL-94 vertical burn test showed that the flame retardancy of polyurethane had reached UL-94V-1,when the mass fraction of FB was 10% in the prepolymer.Therefore,the flammable polyurethane material became nonflammable,and its flame-retardant performance was greatly improved.
【CateGory Index】: TQ323.8
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