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《NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY》 2000-02
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A DISCUSSION ON THE TECHNICAL DIFFICULTIES AND COUNTERMEASURES TO CARRY OUT SEISMIC EXPLORATION IN THE CARBONATE ROCK AREAS OF SICHUAN BASIN

Li Xueyi (Exploration Company of SPA).NATUR.GAS IND.v.20,no.2,pp.12~17,3/25/2000.(ISSN 1000 0976;In Chinese)  
Sichuan Basin has become an important natural gas industry base through an exploration and development for few tens of years and the major oil and gas producing strata are composed of carbonate rocks.By carrying out mountainous area seismic exploration for carbonate reservoirs in Sichuan Basin,abundant achievements have been obtained and many difficulties have been encountered also.These difficulties may be summarized as the following five aspects:①being difficult of seismic data acquisition in exposed carbonate rock areas;②being difficult of imaging by reflection at the interfaces of thin carbonate formations and the reservoir beds with little wave impedance differences;③being difficult of laterally forecasting the change of carbonate reservoir beds;④being difficult of forecasting special reservoir bodies;and ⑤ being difficult of distinguishing the oil ,gas and water bearing layers in carbonate reservoirs.In the paper,the reasons of forming these difficulties are analyzed;some thoughts of solving these technical difficulties are proposed;and the relevant theoretic research,deepening high steep structures exploration and field data acquisition,seismic data processing techniques,the development,application and popularization of new techniques and new methods,a synthetic application of multiple disciplines and multiple techniques and enhancing exploration success ratio,etc.,are discussed.
【CateGory Index】: P631.4
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