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《Natural Gas Industry》 2012-01
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Factors controlling reef-bank reservoirs in the Changxing-Feixianguan formations in the Sichuan Basin and their play fairways

Wen Long,Zhang Qi,Yang Yu,Liu Huayi,Che Qin,Liu Wei,Zeng Yunxian,Wei Xiaowei,Xu Liang,Liu Min,Liu Lu(Exploration and Development Research Institute of Southwest Oil & Gasfield Company,PetroChina,Chengdu,Sichuan 610041,China)  
Breakthroughs in gas exploration of reef-bank reservoirs in the Permian-Triassic Changxing-Feixianguan formations,Sichuan Basin,make it necessary to delineate the distribution of reef-banks and their controlling factors.Based on the comparative analysis of various well data and 3D seismic sections,the impact of various factors is studied on the geometry of the Kaijiang-Liangping trough and the distribution of reef-banks,such as the Late Permian regional palaeogeomorphologic framework,tectonic extension,system tracts of the Changxing-Feixianguan formations.The following conclusions were drawn.(1) At the end of Late Permian,the palaeogeomorphologic framework of the Sichuan Basin was "three depressions separated by three uplifts" which played a key role in controlling the distribution of reef-banks.(2) The unevenness of extension caused the differences in the angles of slope on platform margin around the Kaijiang-Liangping trough,which determined the time of reef-bank development and their continuity.(3) The evolution of sequences reveals that transgressive systems tract(TST) deposits dominated the Longtan period and highstand system tract(HST) deposits dominated the mid-late Changxing period.(4) The change of system tracts made it possible to develop multistage reefs near the platform margin.In addition,the methods are studied for characterizing the micro-palaeogeomorphology on the platform margin.It is believed that the bioherms on the platform margin can occur as beaded reefs in curved distribution along the platform margin,or occur as echelon reefs oblique to the trough.Play fairways were identified based on the study results.Oolitic beach reservoirs may occur on the transgressive slope margin in the Kaijiang-Liangping trough,while the oolitic beach on the aggradational platform margin of the Feixianguan Formation is the most favorable play fairway.
【Fund】: 国家科技重大专项“大型油气田及煤层气开发”(编号:2011ZX05007-003)
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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