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《Journal of Soil Water Conservation》 2002-01
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Researches on Vertical Root Distributions and Drought Resistance of Main Planting Tree Species in Weibei Loess Plateau

ZHAO Zhong, LI Peng (College of Forestry, Northwest Sci Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100)  
Methods of soil auger and pot experiment were used to research vertical root distributions and drought resistance of main planting tree species in the Weibei loess plateau. The results show that site factors have great influences on vertical root distribution of Robinia pseudoacacia, of which the difference in soil moisture between south exposition and north exposition is the key factor that results the difference in productivity of Robinia pseudoacacia plantations growing in them; Soil species and soil structure have great influences on the distribution either; There are great differences among the tree species in vertical root distribution, of them Robinia pseudoaccia rooted deepest, which negated the opinion that Robinia pseudoacacia is a shallow rooted tree species; When soil moisture was lower than a limit value, seedlings of them would lose their root vigor gradually, so that the seedlings would die. Among the tree species tested, root of Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Maxim showed the biggest drought resistance. Roots of Platycladus orientalis, Robinia pseudoacacia and Pinus tabulaeformis followed it. Root vigor was affected not only by the degree of soil drought but also by the duration of soil moisture. If soil moisture was lower than 40% of soil moisture capacity, growth of Pinus tabulaeformis would be limited, but it would not happen to Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Maxim, Platycladus orientalis and Robinia pseudoacacia.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”重点研究项目“高原台塬过渡区 (淳化 )高产型粮果林发展研究”部分研究结果 (96-0 0 4-0 5 -0 7
【CateGory Index】: S714.2
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