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《Journal of Soil Water Conservation》 2002-01
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Five Great Changes in Development Process of Loess Plateau

ZHAO Jing bo 1,2 (1.College of Tourism and Environment Science, Shaanxi Normal University,Xian 710062; 2.State Key Laboratoryof Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Yangling,Shaanxi 712100)  
Four great changes have happened since the formation of Loess Plateau and the fifth change will happen. The first change happened 2.50Ma ago, which is the change from laterite plateau to Loess Plateau, and the motive power is climate. The second change happened 1.60Ma ago. After this change, rivers advented, the change represents the change of new tectonic movement in Loess Plateau, the motive pewer is tectonic uplifting. The third change happened 15ka ago, and is affluent change of the Yellow River from running into lake to running into sea and the change of loess material from the internal transportation in Loess Plateau to the external one, the motive power is running water action. The fourth change happened 0.4ka ago, and is change from natural erosion to nonnatural acelerated one in the area, the motive power is mankind activity. The fifth change will happen in 100 years, which is the opposite change to the fourth one, the motive power is mankind activity, too.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (4 0 0 710 0 6) ;; 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室资助 (10 5 0 1-89)
【CateGory Index】: S151.3
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