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《Journal of Soil and Water Conservation》 2017-04
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Experimental Study of Soil Hydraulic Characteristics Influenced by Infiltration Water Quality

ZHANG Li;SHE Dongli;FU Yu;ZHANG Erzi;Key Laboratory of Efficient Irrigation-Drainage and Agricultural Soil-Water Environment in Southern China,Ministry of Education,Hohai University;College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering,Hohai University;Liyang Bureau of Land and Resources;Jiangning Water Resources Bureau of Jiangsu Province;  
In order to investigate the influence of infiltration water quality on soil hydraulic characteristics,two types of water(distilled and tap water)were selected to carry out in four pressure heads(0,-3,-6,-9cm)on yellow loam and red loam by using a disc infiltrometer.The results showed that infiltration rate,hydraulic conductivity and sorptivety increased with the increase of the water electrical conductivity,and the soil sorptivety in red loam differed significantly under different conductivity of water(P0.05).Under the low head pressure,the soil hydraulic conductivity was significantly different between two types of water(P0.05).By contract,the difference of soil hydraulic conductivity between two types of water was not significant under high head pressure.The influence of water quality on(fine pore)soil hydraulic conductivity was mainly under the low pressure head.The contribution of macropores and medium porosity in the yellow and red loam soils to water flow increased with the increase of the conductivity of water.However,the contribution of the small pores to the flow decreased with the increase of the conductivity of water.Different types of water had significant influence on the contribution rate of different grades of porosity to water flow in red loam(P0.05).Study of the influence of water quality on soil hydraulic characteristics was beneficial for discussing the influence of water quality on the experimental results,correctly understanding the soil hydrological processes,developing and utilizing low quality water resources,and improving irrigation quality and irrigation efficiency.
【Key Words】: disc infiltrometer soil infiltration properties water quality negative water pressure head
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41471180);; 江苏省国土资源科技项目(KJXM2016009);; 江苏省水利科技项目(2016053)
【CateGory Index】: S152.72
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