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《Journal of Soil and Water Conservation》 2017-04
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Physicochemical Properties of Soil in Different Rocky Desertification in Bijie Area of Guizhou,China

LI Kaiping;LIU Ziqi;LI Yuan;XIAO Jie;DONG Xiaochao;CAO Yang;School of Karst Science,Guizhou Normal University/State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Desertification Control;  
In order to reveal the physicochemical properties and their influence mechanism of soil in different rocky desertification in karst area,a four-year monitoring was conducted on soil in different rocky desertification degrees(potential,light,moderate,intensity)before,during and after rainy season in rocky desertification area,Bijie,Guizhou.Physicochemical properties and their correlation characteristics of different soils were analyzed.The results were as follows:In the soils with the same rocky desertification degree,the contents of soil organic matter,total phosphorus,available phosphorus,total nitrogen and hydrolysable nitrogen were all in order as during rainy seasonafter rainy seasonbefore rainy season.With the deterioration of rocky desertification,soil retention ability,capillary retention ability,capillary porosity and total porosity of soil increased,and the contents of total phosphorus,available phosphorus and organic matter in soil decreased.Compared with the soil in potential rocky desertification degree,total nitrogen contents of soils in light rocky desertification,moderate rocky desertification and intensity rocky desertification increased by 5.6%,20.9%and 26.6%,respectively,and hydrolysable nitrogen contents of different soils increased by 3.5%,18.3%and 36.2%,respectively,total potassium contents of different soils increased by 15.8%,30% and 46.3%,respectively,available potassium contents of different soils increased by 3.9%,11.3% and 16.5%,respectively.Correlation analysis suggested that organic matter content,total phosphorus content,total nitrogen content,bulk density,total porosity and capillary retention ability correlated significantly(p0.05),and organic matter content,total nitrogen content,bulk density and total porosity correlated extreme significantly(p0.01).These results can provide theoretical and scientific basis for the comprehensive control of rocky desertification.
【Fund】: 国家“十三五”重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502607);; 贵州省科技计划重大专项(黔科合重大专项字[2014]6007号);; 贵州师范大学博士科研启动基金项目(2017)
【CateGory Index】: S153
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