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《Journal of Soil and Water Conservation》 2017-04
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Effects of Controlled-release Potassium Fertilizers on the Yield of Maize,Potassium Use Efficiency and Soil Available Potassium

ZHANG Weitao;LIU Zhiguang;ZHANG Min;DONG Shuting;CHEN Jianqiu;LIU Wenlong;YANG Xiuyi;ZHOU Hongyin;Engineering Laboratory for Quanlin Fulvic Acid Based Fertilize,National Engineering Laboratory for Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilizer Resources,College of Recourses and Environment,College of Agronomy,Shandong Agricultural University;State Key Laboratory of Nutrition Resources Integrated Utilization,Kingenta Ecological Engineering Group Co.,Ltd;  
Effects of the usual controlled-release potassium chloride(CRK1),the high controlled-release potassium chloride(CRK2),the usual mixed potassium chloride with controlled-release potassium chloride(BBF1)and the high mixed potassium chloride with controlled-release potassium chloride(BBF2)on maize yield,potassium use efficiency,and soil available potassium were investigated in a 2-year field experiment using maize-wheat rotation system,and the none potassium(CK),the usual potassium chloride(K1)and the high potassium chloride(K2)were set up as controls.To provide the basis for application of controlled release potassium chloride,studied the synchronous nutrition relationships of between controlled-release fertilizers with maize.The results showed that:(1)The yield of maize under BBF2 treatment in 2014and2015 were 11 697.8kg/hm2 and 11 921.1kg/hm2,respectively.Compared with K1 treatment in the 2014 and 2015,the yield increased by 13.3% and 15.7%,respectively and the incomes increased 16.6% and19.6%,respectively.(2)The agronomic potassium use efficiency under BBF2 treatment was greater significantly by 49.0% and 41.9% over those of the K1 treatment in 2014 and 2015,respectively.The physiological potassium use efficiency under BBF2 treatment was greater significantly by 17.6% and 34.8% over those of the K1 treatment in 2014 and 2015,respectively.The highest apparent potassium use efficiency occurred in BBF1 treatments,which were 23.73% and 35.22% in 2014 and 2015,respectively.(3)Plant height and stem diameter were significantly increased with potassium fertilizer application.Maize plant height increasedunder BBF2 treatment from the later tasseling stage to the mature stage.Both CRK and BBF treatments increased significantly the leaf SPAD values of the late tasseling stage,and significantly improved the absorption of potassium and enhanced grain filling properties.The results indict that the application of the mixed potassium chloride with controlled-release potassium chloride can meet the maize nutrition requirement of different growth period,and improved maize yield and potassium use efficiency,among which,BBF2 treatment is the optimal fertilization scheme.
【Fund】: 山东农业大学泉林黄腐酸肥料工程实验室开放研发基金项目(380285);; 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41571236);; 农业部引进国际先进农业科学技术计划“948”重点项目(2011-G30);; 土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室联合研发基金项目(380123)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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