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《Journal of Soil and Water Conservation》 2017-04
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Responses of Maize Photosynthesis and Yield to Different Drip Irrigation Amounts with Full Film Mulching in the Hetao Irrigation District

JIANG Liangchao;TONG Chuan;HU Minjie;LI Shouzhong;ZHOU Lifeng;NING Qiurui;YANG Xianyu;QI Zhijuan;College of Geographical Sciences,Fujian Normal University;Key Laboratory of Humid Sub-tropical Eco-geographical Process of the Ministry of Education,Fujian Normal University;College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering,Northwest A&F University;Research Center of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Education;  
The responses of maize photosynthesis,yield and water use efficiency to different drip irrigation amount at different growth stages under full film mulching were investigated by a field experiment in the Hetao Irrigation District,China.The experiment consisted of 3treatments,i.e.low(90 mm),medium(135mm)and high(180mm)drip irrigation amount with full film mulching,respectively.Except jointing stage,the maize leaf photosynthetic rate Pn,transpiration rate Trand stomatal conductance Gsunder high and medium drip irrigation treatments were significantly higher than those under low drip irrigation(P0.05),while no significant differences were observed between high and medium drip irrigation treatments.Leaf water use efficiency(LWUE)under low drip irrigation was significantly higher than that under high drip irrigation(P0.05),and under high drip irrigation,LWUE at jointing stage was significantly higher than all other growth stages.The diurnal variations of maize leaf photosynthetic rates,transpiration rates,stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentrations at different growth stages were found under all drip irrigation amounts.Photosynthesis range,peak height and peak time in the diurnal course with high and middle drip irrigation were significantly different from those with low drip irrigation.The survival rates,kernel number,1000-grain weight and yield of maize with high and medium drip irrigation were significantly higherthan those of low drip irrigation treatment(P0.05).The difference of high and medium drip irrigation treatments with full film mulching on the maize ear and yield was statistically insignificant,indicating that high drip irrigation amount was not necessary under full film mulching for the maize yield increase in the Hetao Irrigation District.This study could provide a theoretical basis for improving crop photosynthesis under drip irrigation in the Hetao Irrigation District,and thus enhance crop yield and water use efficiency.
【Key Words】: full film mulching drip irrigation amount photosynthetic characteristics yield maize Hetao Irrigation District
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)项目(2013AA102904-4)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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