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《Ecology and Environmental Sciences》 2015-03
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Determination of the Cd in the Tissues of Crucian Carp(Carassius auratus) in the Coal Gangue Polluted Water and Natural Water

YAN Yongfeng;ZHANG Liao;YAN Ming;Department of Life Science, Shangqiu Normal University;Faculty of Forestry and Horticulture, Henan Agricultural University;  
Coal gangue is the solid waste emissions in the process of coal mining and coal washing, which contains a lot of heavy metal: Cadmium(Cd), pose a serious threat to food security and human health. Study on the rule of the deposition of Cd in the tissues of fish from gangue pollution water of Yongcheng, Shangqiu. which can lay foundation for further study on harm to fish from Cd pollution and on food safety assessment of fish from the coal gangue polluted water. Methods: Cd was determined by using the flame atomic absorption method. Results:(1) The concentration of Cd in the gills, heart, muscle of crucian carp(Carassius auratus) from the coal mining subsidence area, were 1.063 0±0.278 4μg·g-1, 8.638 9±3.230 1μg·g-1, 1.146 1±0.204 6μg·g-1, which were higher than the tissues of crucian carp in natural pollution-free waters. The concentration of Cd in the gills, muscle were significantly higher than the control group(P0.05).(2) In native waters, the rule of concentration of Cd in crucian carp was: liverheartmusclegills. However, there was no significant difference between each tissues. In polluted water, the sedimentary rule of Cd in the crucian carp was: heartmusclelivergills. Heart was much higher than in the other tissues.(3) An adult can be safe to eat the fish meat weekly from the two waters were respectively 823 g, 365 g; if more than these content, there would be a potential health threat. Conclusion: The concentration of Cd in gills, muscle of crucian carp in polluted waters was much higher than not polluted waters, Cd are more likely to deposited in the heart of crucian carp. If the consumption of fish meat from coal gangue pollution water is more than 365 g weekly, there will be a health threat.
【Fund】: 河南省科技发展计划重点科技攻关项目(082102350040);; 河南省教育厅自然科学研究计划项目(2009B180020)
【CateGory Index】: X174
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