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Fault Tree Analysis of Fire and Explosion in Oil Tank

Sun Zhaoqiang,Zhao Lianhe(China Petroleum Chemistry Pipeline Co.Xiangfan Oil Transportation Department,Xiangfan,Hubei,441002,China) Zheng Xianbin(University of Petroleum(Huadong),Dongying,Shandong,257061,China)  
Fire resources and leak of oil and gas result in fire and explosion in oil tank.Analyzed are basic causes of fire and explosion in oil tank by the method-Fault Tree Analysis.The fault tree of oil tank is established by two major reasons:fire resources and leakage of oil and gas.The minimal path sets(MPS)are achieved by Boolean algebraic simplification calculation.The basic factors resulting in fire and explosion in oil tank are investigated through the quantitative analysis;and put forward are some relevant measures to improve the safety in oil tank.The results of Fault Tree Analysis show that the method is useful for management and maintenance of existing oil tanks and design of new ones.
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