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《Soils》 2003-01
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FACTORS AFFECTING SOIL-FIXED AMMONIUM

Liao Jipei1 Lin Xiangui1 Cao Zhihong1 Zhang Yangzhu2 ( 1 Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Science, Nanjing 210008; 2 Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410008 )  
Some factors affecting soil-fixed ammonium, such as organic matter, total N, organic N, clay, CEC, ammonium content in soil solution, moisture and temperature, were studied. The results indicate that soil-fixed ammonium is positively related to 0.01 mm clay content, but not much related to 0.001 mm clay, organic matter, total N, organic N or CEC. Fitting of the Langmuir equation reveals that the maximum ammonium-fixation by river mud is 357.2 mgN/kg, quite close to 359 mgN/kg, and that no matter whether tidal mud or Zhinitian, their ammonium fixation rates show a trend of 30℃ 20℃ and 30℃ 40℃.Besides Huangnitian, ammonium-fixation rates of Zhinitain, river mud and tidal mud all have a similar trend of long-term inundation 8 times dry and wet alternation long-term drought.
【Key Words】: Soil fixed ammonium Clay Organic matter Temperature Moisture.
【Fund】: 国家科技部“九五”科技攻关项目(95-01-001-03)
【CateGory Index】: S153
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