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Group(Collective) Education in the Teaching of Physical Education: A Comparison Between Teaching Plans in China and Japan

Qu Zonghu, et al.  
Through a comparison between the two kinds of teaching plans used for PE classes in both elementary and high schools in China and Japan, this paper analysed the differences in group (collective) education and in guiding ideologies for PE teaching between the two countries. In china, priority is given to students' development of moral characters and collective discipline, with stress on educational function in the organization and administration of teaching; while in Japan, advantage is given to students' mutual exchange and elicitation for thinking in the process of learning, with group education embodied in teaching contents. As for the practice of PE teaching, there also exist differences in the organization and formation of group education. This comparison, by furthering each country' s strong points and making up weaknesses, will bring enlightments to the reform of physical education teaching in China.
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