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Preparation and Electrocatalytic Performance of Thin-shell Ni/Pt Core-shell Nanoparticles

LIU Shi-Bin,YANG Chun-Ying,ZHANG Zhong-Lin,DUAN Dong-Hong,HAO Xiao-Gang,LI Yi-Bing(Chemical Engineering Department,Taiyuan University of Technology,Taiyuan 030024,China)  
The Ni/Pt core-shell nanoparticles with different shell thicknesses were prepared by composite coating of colloid particles and then characterized by HRTEM,EDS,XPS and XRD.Electrochemical properties for the oxygen electro-reduction reaction and methanol electro-oxidation were measured by potentiodynamic and cyclic voltammetry.The experimental results show that Ni/Pt core-shell nanoparticles are spherical and the mean particle size of Ni1-Pt0.067 is about 7 nm with shell thickness of 1 nm.Compared with Pt/C,Ni/Pt core-shell nanoparticels possess higher activity.Ni1-Pt0.067/C has the highest catalytic activity in these prepared catalysts with different thickness,and its peak current density can reach 143.06 mA/mg in 0.5 mol/L H2SO4 solution,1.4 times of that of Pt/C for O2 electro-reduction reaction.Peak current density of Ni1-Pt0.067/C for methanol electro-oxidation reaches 538.3 mA/mg in 0.5 mol/L H2SO4+1.0 mol/L CH3OH solution,which is 5.2 times of that of Pt/C.Based on 1 mg Pt,the specific mass activity of Ni1-Pt0.067/C is 30-fold higher than that of Pt/C nanoparticles.
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