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《Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University》 2006-03
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A Universal Coordinate Computation Model Based on Least Squares Adjustment Method

TONG Xiaohua~(1,2) DU Daosheng~(2)(1 Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics,Tongji University,1239 Siping Road,Shanghai 200092,China)(2 State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying,Mapping and Remote Sensing,Wuhan University,129 Luoyu Road,Wuhan 430079,China)  
This paper presents a universal model for calculating point coordinates based on least squares adjustment method.The measured angles and distances are first converted into the direction and distance observations, then the error equations are constructed and the unknown coordinate parameters and accuracy are derived from a universal iterative adjustment computation.The proposed model has the characteristics of high accuracy and generic algorithm.Using Levenberg-Marquardt least squares iterative adjustment,initial values of unknown points are given graphically according to the geometric relationship among the measured objects,and the results are obtained robustly.The often-used total eleven coordinate calculation methods are derived on the basis of the proposed model in detail,and the implementation of the model is illustrated through a case study.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(4030104340071068);; 测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室开放研究基金资助项目(WKL(03)0301)
【CateGory Index】: P207
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