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《Journal of Wuhan University(Natural Science Edition)》 1980-04
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Qiu Guanying Fang Shiguo Meng Xianju Chen Juanjuan Zhou Xiongbo  
An ancient male corpse buried 2142 years ago was unearthed in the summer of 1975 from the Han Tomb No. 168 on Phoenix Hill at Jiangling County, Hubei Province, China It was another valuable discovery sincc the excavation of the female corpse in the Han Tomb №. 1 at Mawangduiin 1973. The state of preservation of this corpse was as good as that of the female corpse of Mawangdui, although its sepulcher was not so elaborately constructed as that of the latter. It was a well-preserved sample seldom found so far in ancient corpse research. Using X-ray diffraction technique, we studied the molecular structures of the two kinds of fibrous proteins(i. e, the collagen in tendon and the myofibril in striated muscles)drawn from the ancient corpse and made comparison of their diffraction patterns with those given by a recent corpse in order to examine in what a good state these fibrous proteins had been preserved. The results obtained showed that the wide-angle and small-angle diffraction patterns of the tendon from the ancient corpse appeared very similar to those given by the recent corpse Both revealed a standard collagentype pattern. And all the reflections calculated on thediffractographs of both were quite coincided with one another. These results suggested that the molecular conformation of the collagen of Han corpse and its basic structural periods were well-preserved, but the arrangement of the fibrous molecules had been changed in some way. The wide-angle diffraction patterns of the aneient's muscles were obviously different from the recent corpse's. The latter manifested a typical α-keratin pattern while the former only showed two "haloes" . It was evident that the molecular structure of the myosin of Han corpse was already destroyed and was deviod of regular secondary structure. A fine state of preservation of the collagen, an important protein of connective tissues constituting the framework of a body, is certainly required as a physical basis for the preservation of an entire corpse. Since in a human body the muscles are the most weigty tissue and the collagen plays a very important part in organization, the study mentioned above is of significance for detecting the state of preservaton of the ancient corpse. The present results are consistent with the studies on the microstructures and ultrastructures of collagen and muscles from the Han corpse.
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1 Wu ZhongbiDepartment of Pathology,Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences,Wuhan Medical College,WuhanTian HongshengDepartment of Pathology,Faculty oj Basic Medical Sciences,Hubei Medical College,WuhanZeng YuneFaculty of Chemistry,Wuhan University,Wuhan;Study of the Ancient Corpse of the Western Han Dynasty Unearthed from Tomb No.168 on Phoenix Hill at Jiangling County(A Comprehensive Report)[J];;1980-01
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1 He Qinghua Department of Histology and Embryology;Histological study of an Ancient Corpse of the Ming Dynasty Unearthed at Chigang in Guangzhou[J];Academic Journal of Guangzhou Medical College;1987-02
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