Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of measles and evaluation of measures for its control and prevention in Foshan City from 2004 to 2009
CHEN Shu-hao,YANG Ze-feng,MAI Bing,et al.(Foshan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Foshan 528000,China)
To develop the control measure of measles through the analysis of measles epidemiological characteristics.Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted from 2004 to 2009.Data from 3 599 measles cases were collected through the regular reporting system of legal communicable diseases between 2004—2009 in Foshan city.The annual averaged incidence rate of measles is 10.19 per 100 000 persons.The three districts with a high incidence of measles are Shunde,Nanhai,and Chanchen districts,accounting for 94.50% of the total cases.The incidence peaked at July to August,accounting for 66.60% of the total cases.Children younger than six years old and people older than 15 years old is the major group affected by measles,accounting for 62.86%,31.54% of the total cases,respectively.Infants younger than eight months old accounting for 14.48% in the overall cases.Most of reported measles cases is in the mobile population(94.78%).Only 10.22% of the subjects in this study has a definite history of measles vaccination.There is a tendency of increasing in the incidence of measles in Foshan city,the epidemic situation is rigorous.It is the effective measure that controls measles to carry out measles vaccine supplementary immunization and check to leak to reseed;Should adopt to strengthen a mobile population management,indicating further improvement in the coverage and timeliness of routine immunization of measles vaccines at the same time.The monitoring program of measles should also be strengthened.
【CateGory Index】： R511.1